Voz passiva e Gramática

Cinco questões gabaritada sobre voz passiva e gramática baseada em um texto.

The April 2010 Rio de Janeiro floods and mudslides are an extreme weather event that has affected the State of Rio de Janeiro in Brazil in the first days of April 2010. At least 212 people have died, 161 people have been injured (including several rescuers), while at least 15,000 people have been made homeless. A further 10,000 homes are thought to be at risk from mudslides, most of them in slums built on the hillsides above downtowns. Damage from the flooding has been estimated at 23.76 billion reais (US$13.3bn, €9.9bn), about 8% of the gross domestic product (GDP) of Rio de Janeiro State.

The flooding has particularly affected the city of Rio de Janeiro, where at least 60 people have died, and its surrounding area. Deaths have also been reported in the cities of Niterói (132), São Gonçalo (16), Paracambi (1), Paulo de Frontin (1), Magé (1), Nilópolis (1) and Petrópolis(1). Several municipalities, including Niterói and municipalities to the east such as Maricá and Araruama, have declared states of emergency or of public calamity. The Governor of Rio de Janeiro State, Sérgio Cabral, declared three days of official mourning for the dead.

Heavy rain started at around 5 p.m. local time on Monday 5 April in Rio de Janeiro city, and continued for 24 hours, with a total of 28.8 cm of rain falling, more than was predicted for the whole of April and the heaviest rainfall for thirty years. Rio de Janeiro mayor, Eduardo Paes, admitted that the city's preparedness for heavy rainfall had been "less than zero," but added "there isn’t a city that wouldn’t have had problems with this level of rainfall."

A further landslide hit a slum in Niteroi late on April 7. It is thought to have killed at least 150, although the toll is expected to rise.

(Text from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/April_2010_Rio_de_Janeiro_floods_and_mudslides )

  1. According to the text:

VF

00 - There was rain before, but this is worst in 30 years.

11 - Few people died in the flooding.

22 - It hasn’t rained in Rio de Janeiro for 30 years

33 - There was a mourning for the victims.

44 - There were no fatal victims in the flooding.

 

  1. According to the text:

VF

00 - Mudslide means deslizamento de terra in Portuguese.

11 - Rio de Janeiro wasn’t prepared for this kind of rain.

22 - A lot of people lost their homes.

33 - people are happy because the weather is rainy and cool.

44 - Slums weren’t affected by the flooding.

 

  1. Mark V for the sentences which are correctly changed into the PASSIVE VOICE and F for the incorrect ones:

VF

00 - “floods and mudslides have affected the State of Rio de Janeiro”. Rio de Janeiro has being affected by floods and mudslides.

11 - “floods and mudslides have affected the State of Rio de Janeiro”. Rio de Janeiro has been affected by floods and mudslides.

22 - “A landslide hit a slum”. A slum was hit by a landslide.

33 - “A landslide hit a slum”. A slum was hitted by a landslide.

44 - “A landslide hit a slum”. A slum was hitting by a landslide.

 

  1. Mark V for true and F for false:

00 - “least 15,000 people have been made homeless”- This sentence is in the Passive Voice.

11 - “At least 212 people have died”- This sentence is in Active Voice.

22 - “161 people have been injured”- This sentence is in the Passive Voice.

33 - “A further landslide hit a slum in Niteroi “- This sentence is in the Active Voice.

44 - “A further landslide hit a slum in Niteroi”- This sentence is in the Passive Voice.

 

  1. Mark V for the sentences which are grammatically correct and F for those that are incorrect:

VF

00 - If I were at Rio de Janeiro, I would buy a boat.

11 - If you see the homeless, help them.

22 - I will send them some money if you tell me where they are.

33 - We would have been frightened if we would had seen the mudslide.

44 -  If you turn on the TV, you would have seen the tragedy.

 

 

 

GABARITO

  1. VFFVF
  2. VVVFF
  3. FVVFF
  4. VVVVF
  5. VVVFF




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